• Contemporary Fictions of Multiculturalism: Diversity and the Millennial London Novel (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014).

Abstract: London is one of the most diverse cities in human history. While its multicultural character has been widely celebrated in recent decades – by writers of fiction as much as by anyone – more recently multiculturalism has been said to have ‘failed’, or to have never really existed in the first place. How have recent works of fiction engaged with London's multiculturalism, and could that multiculturalism itself be regarded as a kind of ‘fiction’?

This study analyses a number of key contemporary texts (including Brick LaneWhite TeethSmall Island and Pigeon English) that engage with questions about ethnic and cultural diversity in London. It argues that in recent years the most successful and engaging works of literature about the city have attempted to assert its diversity as undeniable whilst also challenging the notion that London is an inclusive utopia which offers sanctuary and prosperity to its migrants.

Excerpts from Reviews


  • ‘Some Unsung Songs: Andrea Levy’s Late, Unpublished Work’. Forthcoming, 2021.

  • ‘“Black holes in the fabric of the nation”: Refugees in Mohsin Hamid’s Exit West’. Journal for Cultural Research 23: 2 (2019), 187-201.

  • ‘“He wished to defend a country that wasn’t his”: British Subjects and Servicemen in Andrea Levy’s Small Island and Zadie Smith’s White Teeth’. Long Shadows: The Second World War in British Literature and Film, 1943 to the present, ed. Petra Rau (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2016), 241-262. 

  • Reluctant Fundamentalist, Eager Host? Cross-cultural Hospitality and Security Anxieties in Mohsin Hamid's Novel of Uncertainty’. Security and Hospitality: New Literary and Cultural Perspectives, eds Emily Ridge and Jeffrey Clapp (London: Routledge, 2015), 190-207.

  • ‘The Enigma of Abandonment: Re-thinking the Importance of Hanif Kureishi’s Work for Multiculturalism’. Hanif Kureishi: Contemporary Critical Perspectives, ed. Susan Alice Fischer (London: Bloomsbury, 2015), 7-20.

  • ‘Lives of Pi: on Turning Booker Prizes into Academy Awards’. Anglophone Culture Across Centuries and Borders: Proceedings from an International Cultural Studies Conference, eds Pavlína Flajšarová and Jiří Flajšar (Olomouc: University of Palacky Press, 2015), 51-61.

Link to piece

  • ‘Existing in more than one plane of time: Memory and Narrative Form in Every Light in the House Burnin’’. Andrea Levy: Contemporary Critical Perspectives, eds Jeannette Baxter and David James (London: Bloomsbury, 2014), 39-52.

  • ‘“Fold the paper and pass it on”: Historical Silences and the Contrapuntal in Andrea Levy’s Fiction’. The Journal of Postcolonial Writing 46: 1 (2010), 31-41.

  • The Multicultural Bildungsroman: Stereotypes in Monica Ali’s Brick Lane’. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 43: 3 (2008), 109-120.


  • ‘Salman Rushdie’. Dictionary of Literary Biography 377: Twenty-first Century British Novelists, ed. Tom Ue (Farmington, MI: Gale, 2015), 258-283. Link to book on publisher's website

  • ‘Monica Ali’. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Contemporary British and Irish Literature, eds Richard Bradford et al. (Wiley & Sons, 2020), 471-80. Link to piece
  • ‘Salman Rushdie: Haroun and the Sea of Stories’. The Literary Encyclopedia, 2016. Link to piece
  • ‘Don DeLillo: Underworld’. The Literary Encyclopedia, 2012. Link to piece
  • ‘Andrea Levy’. The Literary Encyclopedia, 2009; updated 2020). Link to piece
    • 'Andrea Levy: The Long Song'. The Literary Encyclopedia, 2020.  Link to piece
    • ‘Andrea Levy: Small Island’. The Literary Encyclopedia, 2010. Link to piece


    • Review of Flajsavora, Pavlina, Diaspora in the Fiction of Andrea Levy (Olomouc: Palacky University, 2014). The Journal of Postcolonial Writing 51: 6 (2015), 752-753. Link to journal
    • Review of Davison, Sarah, Modernist Literatures (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014). The Literary London Journal 12: 1-2 (Spring/Autumn 2015)Link to piece
    • Review of Sadikali, Tamim, Dear Infidel (London: Hansib, 2014). The Literary London Journal 12: 1-2 (Spring/Autumn 2015). Link to piece
    • Review of Colombino, Laura, Spatial Politics in Contemporary London Literature: Writing Architecture and the Body (Oxford: Routledge, 2013). The Literary London Journal 10: 2 (Autumn 2013). Link to piece
    • Review of Ranasinha, Ruvani, South Asian Writers in Twentieth-Century Britain (Oxford: OUP, 2007). Forum For Modern Language Studies 44: 1 (2008), 97.


    • Co-editor, with Henghameh Saroukhani and Sarah Lawson Welsh, ‘In Memoriam: Andrea Levy Special Issue’. ARIEL: A Review of International English Literature, forthcoming.


    • More vital now than ever: My research on Andrea Levy’. Blog piece, LJMU website, 8 July 2020. Link to piece
    • ‘Studying for a humanities PhD can make you feel cut off from humanity’, The Guardian Higher Education Network, 8 July 2014. Link to piece